Reggio Emilia Preschool Programs: Everything You Need to Know
Reggio Emilia Preschool Programs originated fromReggio Emilia在意大利北部。他们通过探索各种各样的想法，例如，园艺，和其他项目活动，以使他们成为合格的公民。例如，学生们从事园艺工作是为了对植物的来源、生长方式以及食物能为人体提供的营养有一个实际的了解。因此，这些项目包括观察孩子们知道什么，好奇什么，以及他们的挑战定制他们的早期教育旅程，使其更有意义和吸引人。In addition, these preschool programs consider documentation of the learning process via the aid of pictures and videos – which are its key features.
TheReggio Emilia approachconsiders educational, sociological, and psychological influences to understand children and stimulate their learning in suitable ways. Additionally, it employs strategies to expose children to various educational opportunities that encourage communication, self-expression, problem-solving, and logical thinking.
Reggio Emilia Preschool Programs are based on four major principles, which are:
· Emergent curriculum: Thecurriculumis designed to be of particular interest to children. Teachers talk to children and their families and note things that are usually interesting to children (dinosaurs or puddles, for example). Then teachers compare observations and notes in team planning sessions to decide which projects would be the most suitable for children in their classes, what materials they will need, and ways to encourage parents to become involved.
· In-depth projects: Based on the children’s interests via information gathered, teachers chalk out concepts and ideas of projects. Such projects are often introduced as adventures in the classroom, which can be short-term (1-2 weeks) or long-term (throughout the entire school year). In these projects, teachers function as advisors. They help children decide the direction of their research, ways they can display their learning, and the materials they will need for it.
· Representational development: For the presentation of new ideas, the Reggio Emilia approach uses multiple forms, such as art, print, drama, puppetry, music, etc. Such varied presentations give all children an equal chance to understand and connect with the ideas being explored.
· Collaboration: Since this is considered essential to further a child’s cognitive development, small and large groups are persuaded to work together to solve problems by using comparisons, dialogues, negotiations, and other vital interpersonal skills. Every child’s voice is heard to promote a balance between a sense of self and belonging to the group.